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为什么中老年人更易脱水?

无上神王围观:更新时间:2019-09-09 18:58:40

为什么中老年人更易脱水?优秀的人之所以优秀是有原因的,可能他们是自律超人,也可能常常努力到深夜,但是结果都是相似的,总是从人群中脱颖而出。常言道,性格决定命运,而一个人的生活习惯又会对性格产生影响,所以想要成为一个优秀的女性,每天要坚持4个好习惯,除了多学习,你还了解哪一个?

1.不会化妆没关系,但要坚持涂防晒

许多女生嫌弃化妆麻烦,喜欢素颜出门,没关系,但要记得坚持涂防晒霜。太阳光中含有紫外线,照射在皮肤上,会使脂肪氧化,生成自由基,加速皮肤衰老。所以女生想要延缓衰老,永葆青春,就得坚持涂防晒霜。

2.没有上进心可以,但不能不学习

年轻女生常常被前辈们贴上了“不求上进”的标签,心态“佛系”,有也行,没有也行,似乎看淡了红尘。其实这也没什么不好,好好享受生活也是人生的一大乐趣。

但是无论何时何地,对于自己的人生还是要上心,不能停止学习。现在生活变化快,如果没有一颗“活到老,学到老”的决心,那么很容易被社会淘汰。

3.生活可以平淡,但要细心记录

或许我们的生活不够精彩,只是舞台剧中的小配角,但是也别忘记,用笔头记下平淡生活中的精彩瞬间。特别是灵光乍现的奇妙想法,要抓住它,展开它,也许就是一个很棒的创意,所以不管是什么,记录并深耕它,说不定就成了一次商机,或者是一个滋养你的爱好,最不济,也是多年后再翻起来时,与那年自己的一次对话。

4.不要强行合群

不要委屈自己,强行融入群体,在这个世界上,没有什么比天天听着三观不合的人,在自己面前叨叨,还要烦躁的事情了。

想要变得优秀是很多女生的梦想,但是优秀的女人不会告诉你,每天只需要做好这4点,你也可以成为其中一员,走向人生巅峰。

了解文章:为什么中老年人更易脱水?

Why Dehydration Is Common in Older Adults

为什么中老年人更易脱水?

The first, and perhaps most perplexing, cause of dehydration in older adults is a lack of thirst. During the aging process, thirst sensation naturally decreases, says Dr. Audrey Chun, vice chair of geriatric and palliative medicine outpatient services in the Mount Sinai Health System and director of Coffey Geriatrics at The Martha Stewart Center for Living at Mount Sinai Hospital.

中老年人脱水的首要原因,也许也是最令人困惑的一个原因就是:他们不会感到口渴。在衰老过程中,口渴感会自然而然地降低,西奈山卫生系统老年姑息医学门诊服务部的副主席兼西奈山医院玛莎斯图尔特生活中心科菲老年医学部的主任奥黛丽·春(Audrey Chun)博士说道。

While the mechanisms are not clear-cut, thirst levels in adults older than 65 are commonly far lower than indicative of the body's actual fluid needs. Because of this decreased thirst sensation, many adults do not drink as much as they did in their younger days, says Dr. Sanjay Kurani, medical director of inpatient medicine at Santa Clara Valley Medical Center in San Jose, California.

虽然造成这一现象的原因尚不明确,但65岁以上老年人的口渴程度通常远低于其身体实际需要的饮水量。由于口渴感降低,很多成年人的饮水量也开始降低,远比不上年轻时候,加利福尼亚州圣何塞市圣塔克拉拉谷医疗中心的住院医学医疗主任桑杰·库拉尼(Sanjay Kurani)博士说道。

Plus, throughout the aging process, the kidneys naturally lose some of their ability to conserve water and concentrate urine, leading to greater fluid losses through urination. A decline in muscle mass, referred to as sarcopenia, can also reduce how much water the body can store, as muscle functions as a significant holding area for water molecules. One out of three adults age 60 and older suffers from severe muscle loss, according to a 2014 review published in Age and Ageing.

此外,在整个衰老过程中,肾脏储水和浓缩尿的能力会逐渐地自然丧失,导致排尿时流失更多的水分。肌肉质量的下降,称为肌肉减少症,也会降低身体的储水量,因为肌肉是保持水分子的重要部位。2014年,Age and Ageing期刊上发表的一篇综述表示:60岁及以上的老年人中,三分之一的人患有严重的肌肉损失。

Age-related health conditions can further predispose older adults to dehydration. Undiagnosed or uncontrolled Type 2 diabetes can increase urination, while urinary incontinence – and resulting anxieties – can cause a reduction in fluid consumption. Reduced mobility can cut down on how often people are willing to make trips to get water and use the restroom, Kurani says. People with Alzheimer's disease or dementia are also at an increased risk of not drinking enough water, according to 2018 research published in Nutrients.

与年龄相关的健康状况可能会使中老年人更易脱水。未确诊的或不受控制的2型糖尿病会增加排尿,而尿失禁——以及由此产生的焦虑情绪——会导致液体摄入减少。行动不便也会降低人们的喝水次数和上厕所的频率,库拉尼说道。2018年发表在《营养》杂志上的一份研究表明,阿尔兹海默症患者或老年痴呆患者也存在喝水不足的风险。

What's more, commonly used over-the-counter and prescription medication can contribute to fluid losses as well. "Blood pressure medications such as diuretics are commonly associated with dehydration in the elderly," Kurani says. "Antihistamines and laxatives are also medications that can result in dehydration."

此外,经常服用非处方药和处方药也会导致液体流失。“利尿剂等降压药通常与老年人脱水相关,”库拉尼说道。“抗组胺药和泻药也会导致脱水。”

Why Dehydration Is Common in Older Adults

爲什麽中老年人更易脫水?

The first, and perhaps most perplexing, cause of dehydration in older adults is a lack of thirst. During the aging process, thirst sensation naturally decreases, says Dr. Audrey Chun, vice chair of geriatric and palliative medicine outpatient services in the Mount Sinai Health System and director of Coffey Geriatrics at The Martha Stewart Center for Living at Mount Sinai Hospital.

中老年人脫水的首要原因,也許也是最令人困惑的一個原因就是:他們不會感到口渴。在衰老過程中,口渴感會自然而然地降低,西奈山衛生系統老年姑息醫學門苑⻊詹康母敝飨嫖髂紊结t院瑪莎斯圖爾特生活中心科菲老年醫學部的主任奧黛麗·春(Audrey Chun)博士說道。

While the mechanisms are not clear-cut, thirst levels in adults older than 65 are commonly far lower than indicative of the body's actual fluid needs. Because of this decreased thirst sensation, many adults do not drink as much as they did in their younger days, says Dr. Sanjay Kurani, medical director of inpatient medicine at Santa Clara Valley Medical Center in San Jose, California.

雖然造成這一現象的原因尚不明确,但65歲以上老年人的口渴程度通常遠低于其身體實際需要的飲水量。由于口渴感降低,很多成年人的飲水量也開始降低,遠比不上年輕時候,加利福尼亞州聖何塞市聖塔克拉拉谷醫療中心的住院醫學醫療主任桑傑·庫拉尼(Sanjay Kurani)博士說道。

Plus, throughout the aging process, the kidneys naturally lose some of their ability to conserve water and concentrate urine, leading to greater fluid losses through urination. A decline in muscle mass, referred to as sarcopenia, can also reduce how much water the body can store, as muscle functions as a significant holding area for water molecules. One out of three adults age 60 and older suffers from severe muscle loss, according to a 2014 review published in Age and Ageing.

此外,在整個衰老過程中,腎髒儲水和濃縮尿的能力會逐漸地自然喪失,導緻排尿時流失更多的水分。肌肉質量的下降,稱爲肌肉減少症,也會降低身體的儲水量,因爲肌肉是保持水分子的重要部位。2014年,Age and Ageing期刊上發表的一篇綜述表示:60歲及以上的老年人中,三分之一的人患有嚴重的肌肉損失。

Age-related health conditions can further predispose older adults to dehydration. Undiagnosed or uncontrolled Type 2 diabetes can increase urination, while urinary incontinence – and resulting anxieties – can cause a reduction in fluid consumption. Reduced mobility can cut down on how often people are willing to make trips to get water and use the restroom, Kurani says. People with Alzheimer's disease or dementia are also at an increased risk of not drinking enough water, according to 2018 research published in Nutrients.

與年齡相關的健康狀況可能會使中老年人更易脫水。未确缘幕虿皇芸刂频2型糖尿病會增加排尿,而尿失禁——以及由此産生的焦慮情緒——會導緻液體攝入減少。行動不便也會降低人們的喝水次數和上廁所的頻率,庫拉尼說道。2018年發表在《營養》雜志上的一份研究表明,阿爾茲海默症患者或老年癡呆患者也存在喝水不足的風險。

What's more, commonly used over-the-counter and prescription medication can contribute to fluid losses as well. "Blood pressure medications such as diuretics are commonly associated with dehydration in the elderly," Kurani says. "Antihistamines and laxatives are also medications that can result in dehydration."

此外,經常服用非處方藥和處方藥也會導緻液體流失。“利尿劑等降壓藥通常與老年人脫水相關,”庫拉尼說道。“抗組胺藥和瀉藥也會導緻脫水。”

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